The Texas Revolution

The Texas revolution began in the year of 1835. A war between Mexico and Texas that lasted for 6 whole months. Texas at this stage was ruled over by Mexico, and it was for that reason the Texas revolution began and resulted in independence for Texas and also the planting of the republic of Texas.

Texas flag
The flag of Texas

Since 1823 there has been plenty of conflict between the Texans and Tejanos against the might of the Mexican government through both armed conflict and legislative strife, but at least it all came to an end through the battle of San Jacinto in the April of 1836.

Here I am going to give you a timeline of the major events that occurred and led up to the Texas revolutionary war.

1823 : The government of Mexico had passed a law that forbade the sale or purchase of slaves and to also free any of the slave children once they reached the tender age of 14.

1824: Texas was combined by the Mexican government in the province of Coahuila to form the province that was known as the province of Coahuila y Tejas.

1825: Green DeWitt, Haden Edwards and Martin De Leon established colonies in Texas, all in the West, East and South of Stephen Austin’s colony.

1826: The Comanches burnt down DeWitts town and later that year, Haden Edwards and a few of his settlers declared themselves as the independent republic of Fredonia. The US president at the time, John Quinay Adams made an offer of one million dollars to the Mexican government for the purchase of Texas, but the Mexican government refused the offer.

1826 – 27: The Mexican government sent all of its forces from the other colonies to force out Haden Edwards.

1827: The constitution of Coahuila y Tejas had banned the addition of new slaves into its state, gave freedom at birth to all slave children and also for any slave that had been brought to Texas, had to be released within a six month period. Not too long after that slavery was officially outlawed in Mexico.

1829: Yet again the US under the presidency of Andrew Jackson, made another offer of one million dollars to purchase Texas, but once again the Mexican government refused the offer. In the same year the governor Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna led Mexican military forces against the Spanish invaders that were being led by the General Isidro Barradas. During the invasion, Mexico gave full war sovereignty to Vincente Guerrero…even though Santa Anna had backed Vincente Guerrero up to become president it was all for the purpose of being able to get rid of him later on. In the same year a new vice president was announced, Anastasio Bustamente the son of Jose Ruiz and Francisca Oseguera Bustamente.

1830: Anastasio Bustamente became president of Mexico and under his presidency the Mexican government placed further laws that were aimed at Texas, one of which was the banning of American citizens from being able to migrate to Texas.

1832: A new law was set that prevented worker contracts from lasting more than ten years. In the same year there was a meeting of around 55 governmental representatives at the town of San Filipe (The convention of 1832). Together they drafted three petitions to put forward to the Mexican government of which two items that were included were; the annulment of the prohibition of foreign settlement, and to also make Texas a self-governing state. Although the Anahuac garrison kept enforcing the 1830s laws and that made the settlers furious. The settlers elected Johnson as their commander and later on the enraged colonists launched an assault on the Bradburn’s garrison to free two imprisoned lawyers. In 1832 the battle of Velasco took place. Colonel Domingo de Ugartechea who was the commander at the time of the Velasco troops…tried to stop the colonists from taking up a cannon to the Brazos river to assist the attack upon Anahuac, but not long after he surrendered to the colonists. Around midsummer time, the Colonel known as Jose de las Piedras arrived at Anahuac with troops from Nacogdoches. The outcome of this was the Turtle Bayou resolutions. All the Mexican forces were later forced out from East Texas as the battle of Nacogdoches occurred and ended with a Texan victory just after a day.

1833: Santa Anna was elected as president of Mexico and in the same year governmental representatives gathered for another meeting to formulate a new constitution for Texas to be a self-governing state and Stephen Austin was the man chosen to present this to the Mexican government.

Stephen_Austin_and_dog
Stephen Fuller Austin  – Painted in Mexico City in 1833. Image courtesy of the Texas State library & Archives Commission.

As we are getting closer to the main events that kicked off the Texas revolution I will be going into more detail.

Even though the actions that occurred shown in the timeline above some of which had caused a lot of problems in Texas, the Texan settlers thought thought they had a glimmer of hope into becoming a self-governing state once the Mexican soldier and politician, General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna became president, but that hope quickly diminished. In the year of 1833, Santa Anna ousted the inherent administration of Mexico, put an end to state authorities and in the end built himself as a dictator. Stephen Fuller Austin, who is also known as ‘The father of Texas’, the son of Moses Austin wanted to attempt to resolve the outrage of the Texans. So he was chosen in 1833 to take the new constitution to the Mexican government and some time later that year he made his journey to Mexico City to meet with the Vice-president of General Antonio, Valentin Gomez Farias.

Once Austin was requesting the consideration of all of these reforms, including the biggest one being for Texas to become a self-governing state, it was believed that he was a bit too ambitious for Texas to be able to get independence not to mention the amount of doubt they had as to whether or not Austin was trying to provoke a rebellion. He was kept waiting by president Santa Anna for an answer on the provided reforms, however Austin had enough of waiting and therefore he sent a letter that prompted the Texans to act on their own accord. For those reasons Austin was arrested by the Mexican authorities and in the month of January in 1834 and was taken to Mexico City to be incarcerated. There was no trial for Austin nor any formal charges, he was relocated from one prison to another until December of 1834 and then he was discharged on bond and was restricted to the section of the federal district. Later on Austin was let go by a general reprieve law in July of 1835 and at the end of August in the same year he made his return to Texas via New Orleans after being away for two years and four months. Even though he had no ill will towards Mexico and was more than willing to come to a peaceful compromise, but by putting him in jail that definitely changed his views and feelings about the whole situation. Austin came to see that no matter what, Mexico was not going to allow Texas to be its own as the people wished. Once he was released it was very apparent that there was going to be strife between Texas and Mexico as there was no way of coming to a peaceful resolution.

When the Texas revolution broke out in October of 1835, Austin went to the US to obtain help, after all that wasn’t going to be too difficult to achieve as there were still more American citizens in the state of Texas, even before the law that was put in place in the year of 1830 and not to mention the two previous offerings of one million dollars to purchase Texas from the Mexican government. Austin then made his return to Texas in June, 1836. There was an election held and Austin was beaten by Sam Houston to lead the new republic of Texas. Even though Austin lost in the election, Houston offered him the position as office secretary of state until the day he passed on the 27th of December in 1836.

Battles of the Texas Revolution
The battles that occurred in the Texas Revolution War

There were many battles that formed the Texas revolutionary war and for that reason each battle will be given its own section on the website so I can cover them in detail especially the first battle, being the battle of Gonzales and the final battle, the battle of San Jacinto that brings the Texas revolution to an end with a positive outcome. The battles that I will cover will follow the order of time as they occurred, so keep a close eye on this space!

If you enjoy reading books as well, here is a link to a wonderful book that covers the Texas Revolution. Covering the politics, warfare, people, actions and events that have shaped Texas! 

UK Link

US Link

German Link


 

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